When it comes to a conclusion that you know if you’ve read this conclusion even though you haven’t seen why this conclusion was made you could you know you can understand what the papers about so then we go on into your reference page and you can see that we still have a header on top that continues and that’s fine that’s good and we see references when they have an extra space here I don’t know does look like there’s an extra space up there and then we see I used two references now key thing about reference pages if it’s in your reference page it has to have a citation and if it’s cited in your paper it has to have a reference if there’s no citation or no reference either it’s wrong and it can actually leave you kind of into plagiarism so you need to be very careful so we see I had two references.
They’re in alphabetical order I followed EPA’s guidelines here right cleaning comma Bruce period than the year then the title of the paper the city it was published in and then the the name of the publishing company like I said this is all made up now on the second source I made the assumption that I actually got this source from the University Library if you guys are going to be using the library in my courses so if you if you want to get more familiar with it now it’s a great opportunity because you’re gonna have to use it for this class so the Walker source we’re going to assume I got from the library but it’s still it’s still being cited as a book whether it was an article or a book now Walker comma James 1994 plans to contain nectar Cambridge Massachusetts notice Cambridge is a known city of publishers so the Massachusetts is not necessary and University Press I’m just kind of made an assumption there let’s say this was from the library this link here that this link sorry I see a lot of people put it in in their papers you should never have this link in your paper under any circumstance.
And here’s why if you put this link in your paper what I want you to do is copy that link log out of the of University of Phoenix and then go back in to your web browser and paste that link in and see what you get what you’re gonna find out is you can’t get anywhere this is a dead link it’s not a permalink it could lead you to a different article potentially but even more so if you don’t have a University of Phoenix account or a per quest account you’re not going to be able to access this so do not put this link here you get something from the University library it is not a reference to a web site this is a reference to a book or a reference to an online database and the only time you’re going to provide that website is if that if that journal or whatever is available all the time through a website.
When you think the paper would be worse if I would not emphasize that or my document would be worse if I don’t emphasize it to make sure the person reads that but again the more you emphasize the worse it gets spell-checking so if you use nearly every word processing system has a spellcheck I simply use it it’s really annoying if you read a paper and is this a lot of mistakes I also do a lot of mistakes a lot of typos grammar mistakes especially if you write in a foreign language or but even if I write in German that happens but be aware of your spellcheck and uses there’s no excuse to not do that you can even do something more than a spell checker you can do things like there tools like academic writing check which you can download here it’s a script which you can run over your document and it tells you how you failed you use a lot of weak words here use passive voice you should use active voice.
So this is done for English because most of the academic writing is in English but whenever you have to write in a scientific document if it’s in English you use the academic writing check again there are a lot of things that you may disagree with but at least eliminate those where you don’t care if you have a make a very strong point that you want to have something in a certain way do that also learn something about what’s called unbreakable spaces if you’ve a space you say the whatever figure one and you have a break that figure and the next line is one that really looks is really ugly that’s something you typically don’t want so learn about non-breaking spaces you can set non-breaking spaces to make sure this is not broken up avoid negation any negation so you wanna say we are not going to avoid that don’t use don’t use that it’s bad style nothings avoid useless acronyms so there’s a tendency in different fields to invent.
Always new acronyms for their great approach and yeah that’s typically something which is very bad and especially don’t use acronyms in the title or coin something new that’s but that’s not very not very good style what passive voice is I said before use active voice especially in English but all has same holds for German passive voice is a very weak statements use active voice say we solve this we do this this is nice saying every time you use passive voice the Kipnis guilt by God and you don’t want to have don’t want to have too many kittens being killed the other things are maybe it’s the last thing may also be important so make your paper easy to skim so if you can have a quick look so I just have one minute to look to the paper and see if it’s interesting I skim through the paper and I want to be able to see if this is relevant so you use things to highlight them key advantages.